An introduction is the gateway to a written content, be it a book, a press or scientific article, a research project or a thesis. Whichever type of text to write should start with an introduction.
The introduction allows the reader to have an initial idea of the content of the text, the subject matter that it handles as well as the steps that were carried out for its development. To learn more about how to make an introduction, let’s see what is an introduction and everything we need to do an introduction.
What is an introduction?
In order to write an introduction we must logically know what an introduction is. The Dictionary of the Spanish Language of the Royal Spanish Academy defines the introduction in its third meaning, as the “exordium of a discourse” and continues with the “preamble of a literary or scientific work”.
Based on this definition, we can understand that an introduction is a part of a written work that works as the preamble of the work to present it and make known to the possible readers a bit of its content, in this way it captures the attention of the readers and therefore the consequent continuity of the reading of the work in question.
What is an introduction?
The introduction should present in a brief and expository way the content of the work that precedes. Its main function is to offer a view of what will be developed and argue in the work, the hypothesis and its possible variables, the brief description of the situation that motivated the choice of a specific topic.
An introduction then raises the subject to be addressed in the study, a simple description of the reasons that justify its approach, the outline of the argumentative approaches presented in the development so that the reader can be interested in the work and continue reading. .
Likewise, the introduction should contain a bit of the description of how the research process was carried out, the methodology to be used, and the most outstanding theoretical references that were found.
Among what an introduction should be, it also highlights, if possible (in cases of degree projects or research projects), a couple of textual citations of authority entities that allow focusing, in a specific context of approach, the subject presented.
It is even possible to announce in the introduction the risk of finding different or opposing visions among researchers of the topic and to specify why it was decided to continue with one or the other line of thought.
As you can see there is a lot of content that can be presented in an introduction, depending on the type of work we are facing. All this content must always be very punctual and brief, very concise since the idea is to give the reader an open mouth of the content but not saturate it with information.
What should not be an introduction?
What an introduction should never lead, or even show in the distance, are the conclusions of the investigation. You can not talk about the findings, or about the possible solutions to the problem investigated.
No results should be presented in the introduction since these correspond to a special section of the work and on them it becomes the conclusions, where an analysis of the results and the achievements of the work can be presented.
What are the parts of an introduction?
An introduction should always be structured in a way that facilitates the reader’s understanding and approach to the topic that will be addressed in the development of the work. For this it is recommended to organize it in the following way:
- Description of the topic: the first thing is to make the approach of the theme that will be addressed. Remember that the reader brings a vague idea based on the title you have read, but most knows nothing about it. Therefore it is important to offer a brief description of the topic and the reasons that led to its approach.
- Description of the social and cultural context: it is always necessary to locate the topic addressed in a specific historical context, as well as describe the social, economic and cultural situation that encompasses it.
For example, it is not the same to present an approach to the impact of Spanish colonization on Mexico’s single corn crops; that a work on the impact of Spanish colonization on the religious conception of Mexicans. Each topic, although based on the same historical context, has a completely different approach and, of course, different cultural derivations.
- Objectives: it is important to present the objectives of the research in the introduction, both the general objective and the specific ones, since this allows the reader to know where the work is directed. It does not matter if it is not a goal developed as such, all written work pursues a goal is to be known.
For example, in the case of a degree work it may be to determine the impact on the health of the farmers of the fertilizers used in the plantations. In the case of a literary essay, show the relationship between the presentation of physical death as a universal reference vs spiritual death in the work of a particular author.
Whatever the objective, it should be presented in the introduction to offer a roadmap to the reader about what you will find in the development of the text.
Background of the research: at this point of the introduction very briefly the main theoretical references of the subject that has been chosen and a little description of the lines of research and thought in which the work is circumscribed.
What is the introduction of a project?
The introduction of a project is the preamble that is made before the presentation of the development of the project. It seeks to introduce potential readers, such as judges or juries, those responsible for approving some research grant, or other researchers in the area, the content that will be addressed in the project presented.
To better organize the process of writing an investigation, it is necessary to take into account the drafting guidelines that have been indicated in the counseling or tutoring of the same. To make our work easier, let’s see how an introduction to a project is written.
How to do the introduction of a project?
The introduction of a project is done following the same guidelines for the presentation of a general introduction, except that because it is a project it is necessary to also place the time during which it will be carried out and a brief description of the stages in which it will be carried out. has to develop the action plan.
Thus, the introduction of a project must contain in a very brief way, the description of the topic to be addressed, the contextual situation in which it is framed, the hypothesis and objectives, the background of the research and the type of methodology to be used, the action plan to follow to cover each of the stages of the project.
Although all these elements make up an introduction, it must also be taken into account that in order to make an introduction well, we must link the contents harmoniously and with arguments that integrate them into a meaningful discourse.